Characterizing flowability of granular materials by onset of jamming in orifice flows
This paper describes methods to measure flow rate and jamming onset of granules discharged through a flat-bottom cylindrical hopper with a circular orifice. The intrinsic jamming onset for ideal particles (spherical, monodisperse, smooth) is experimentally measured by two independent methods, with good agreement. For non-ideal particles, the normalized jamming onset increases with elongated granule shape, broadened size distribution and increased friction as measured by the drained angle of repose. An empirical model of the jamming onset is introduced to quantify these effects over the range of materials investigated. The jamming onset can be used as a measure of differentiation between relatively free-flowing granules.
Received: 17 Novembre 2014, Accepted: 2 March 2015; Edited by: L. A. Pugnaloni; Reviewed by: G. Lumay, University of Liège, Belgium; DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.4279/PIP.070004
Cite as: P Mort, Papers in Physics 7, 070004 (2015)This paper, by Paul Mort, is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0.