Invited review: Fluctuation-induced transport. From the very small to the very large scales
Keywords:Ratchets, Fluctuations, Transport
The study of fluctuation-induced transport is concerned with the directed motion of particles on a substrate when subjected to a fluctuating external field. Work over the last two decades provides now precise clues on how the average transport depends on three fundamental aspects: the shape of the substrate, the correlations of the fluctuations and the mass, geometry, interaction and density of the particles. These three aspects, reviewed here, acquire additional relevance because the same notions apply to a bewildering variety of problems at very different scales, from the small nano or micro-scale, where thermal fluctuations effects dominate, up to very large scales including ubiquitous cooperative phenomena in granular materials.
Received: 30 October 2015, Accepted: 4 February 2016; Edited by: G. Martínez Mekler; Reviewed by: J. Mateos, Departamento de Sistemas Complejos, Instituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.; DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4279/PIP.080004
Cite as: G P Suárez, M Hoyuelos, D R Chialvo, Papers in Physics 8, 080004 (2016)This paper, by G P Suárez, M Hoyuelos, D R Chialvo, is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0.
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